How to Write a Research Paper ?
How to Write a Research Paper How To
How to Write a Research Paper
If you have just been told that you have to write a research paper and feel a bit intimidated, we know the following steps will ease your fears. Very first of all, dive into our Research Paper Starters if you are fighting to find or understand a topic. Don’t scare! You do research all the time. Think of when you last made a major purchase, selected a school, or spotted a movie. You might have spoken to friends, read reviews about the product or film, visited a campus, or test drove a car. Doing academic research is not much different, albeit your approaches and sources will differ.
1) Choose an interesting question. Your teacher or professor will either permit you to choose your topic, let you select from a list, or assign you a topic. In any case, you should attempt to select a topic or a feature of your topic that is of interest to you. Treatment your research with a critical spirit of inquiry. “Critical” does not mean “fault finding,” but rather a receptive and discerning framework of mind.
Two) Be specific. Framework your question so that it will explore the “who, what, where, why, and how” of your topic. Avoid topics that are too broad. A broad topic will make your research hard to contain. Think of your question as both an anchor and an umbrella: your “who’s and how’s” are your anchor, and it’s up to you to keep everything under control, protected by your umbrella of research.
Trio) Concentrate your thesis statement. Example of a thesis statement that is too broad: How has global heating affected the planet? Example of a thesis statement that can be answered: How has global heating affected marine life in the Pacific Ocean?
Four) Make your question challenging. Along with a specific question, your topic must be challenging enough to sustain reader interest. If it requires simply a yes or no response, then few will be motivated to keep reading.
- Not challenging/interesting question: How has global heating affected marine life in the Pacific Ocean?
- Challenging question: How can private citizens and corporations work together to reduce global heating and thus preserve marine life?
Five) Begin looking for sources to response your question. An academic paper may require both primary and secondary sources. Primary research means working with original documents or gathering data in the field. Secondary research means finding out what others have learned about a topic.
6) Use a multiplicity of sources to support your question. There are several ways to obtain secondary research materials. Use your library’s databases. Peruse newspapers and periodicals. Visit websites, but use caution; be sure that they are reputable. A good (but not foolproof) way to tell is if the address finishes in “.org”, “.gov”, or “.edu”.
7) Refine your keyword searches. Search engines vary, but the following guidelines work for many search engines.
8) Take notes while you are reading. A good way to organize your notes is to use note cards to record significant quotations and paraphrases. To avoid citation problems later, be sure to also write down the title, author, and page number of the work used!
9) Create an outline for your paper and write your very first draft. Working from an outline will help you keep everything “under the umbrella.” Consider what your introduction will include, what points you will be addressing, in what order those points will occur, and how you plan to conclude. Write your very first draft. Ideally, you should set it aside for at least twenty-four hours and have someone else read it before beginning your revision.
Ten) Write your final revision. Based on reflection and feedback, revise your paper. Don’t leave behind to proofread cautiously for spelling and punctuation. Also be sure to double-check your Works Cited (or References) page for accuracy.
There! That wasn’t so hard, was it?
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How to Write a Research Paper Homework Help Questions
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