I like following a variation of the Heilmeier catechism

1. What are you attempting to do? Articulate your objectives using absolutely no jargon.
Two. How is it done today, and what are the boundaries of current practice?
Trio. What’s fresh in your treatment and why do you think it will be successful?
Four. Who cares?
Five. If you’re successful, what difference will it make?
9. What are the midterm and final “exams” to check for success? (I.e. how did you check your success?)

Writing a one sentence reaction for each of these questions will make an excellent abstract.

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    An abstract should include the concise summary of your research, citing the preliminary findings, overview of the current research script, brief of the methodology and data leading to results of your findings.

    • Title should be aptly explanatory of the abstract’s contents. The context and aim of research must be highlighted. Do not include jargon or unacquainted acronyms in the title. IT SHOULD NOT BE IN BLOCK LETTERS. The title Abstract should go after.
    • Authors: The author of the abstract should be listed very first ,followed by individuals who carried out the probe, conceived it, designed it, gathered the data, analysed the numbers etc with approval of each of them.
    • Main Assets: In one line, summarize current screenplay of the field of research. state-of-art.
    • The aim of a legitimate investigate should concentrate on attempting to verify if a certain treatment or theory rather than validating it. Your objectivity is clear through a formal hypotheses
    • Methods and treatment of research must be mentioned. Do Not Give Details in abstract.
    • Result: Significant to give some data along with the conclusions derived from them. Avoid tables or graphs in an abstract.

    FORMAT: An abstract is best concised into 500-750 words, written in one paragraph. If necessary it can be divided into two paragraphs each (I generally avoid any bifurcation, but you may do so if that improves clarity ). Use plain, comprehensible sentences which can communicate your ideas well.

    References are to be made rigorously at the end of the entire research paper.

    I hope you have got a perspective on different aspects of writing an abstract. Keep concentrate on clarity, brevity and objectivity.

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    Vijay Kumar. Studies Research methodology

    After the title, the 2nd thing that a prospective reader goes through is
    the abstract. The title and the abstract are openly available to everybody,
    and one does not have to be a member of a library or subscriber of a journal
    to access these. Most people determine which papers to read by going through
    the title and abstract. That is why the main purpose of the abstract is help
    the reader to determine whether to read the paper in its entirety.
    Since the reader of the abstract may not be a specialist in the field, it
    should be self-contained and intelligible in itself, and one should not have
    to read the paper in order to understand the abstract. Few things which you need to know before writing a good abstract:

  • An abstract should reaction questions like:
  • What have you done?

    How did you do it?

    What is fresh here?

    Why is it interesting?

  • Do not make inconclusive statements like “in this paper we examine · · “.Rather make statements in the tone of “we demonstrate that · · ·”
  • A well ready abstract should enable the reader to identify the basic
    content of a document quickly and accurately, and to determine its relevance to the reader’s interests. The abstract should also concisely summarize the results and principal conclusions
  • The abstract must be brief, only one paragraph, not exceeding 250 words or otherwise as prescribed by the journal.
  • Omit all references to the literature and to tables or figures, and omit uncommon abbreviations and acronyms even however they may be defined in main figure of the paper. In case you need to cite some earlier work, give the utter reference, like [A. B. Das, Phys. Rev. B, 26, 109 (2006)]|because the abstract has to be self-contained.
  • Do not use displayed equations and
    expressions.
  • Read the abstract again and again to locate superfluous words and phrases, and drop them.
  • Write straightforward concise English. Make every word
    count.
  • Be terse, but not telegraphic. Do not omit a’s, an’s and the’s.
  • A good abstract is one where not even a single word can be deleted without
    diminishing its substance.

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